effect of surface type, alignment and traffic congestion on vehicular fuel consumption

  • 181 Pages
  • 0.85 MB
  • English
Oregon State highway commission , Salem
Roads -- Oregon., Automobiles., Motor f



Statementprepared under the supervision of John Beakey [and] F. B. Crandall by Kenneth M. Klein [and] J. Al. Head.
SeriesOregon. State highway dept. Technical bulletin, no. 17
ContributionsHead, James Albert, joint author.
LC ClassificationsTL295 .K55
The Physical Object
Paginationxii, 181 p.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL6476787M
LC Control Number44042426

This makes the approach highly appropriate for inclusion into highway evaluation procedures such as HDM The patterns of fuel consumption and emissions show the appropriate changes in relation to traffic congestion. Furthermore, the model framework readily lends itself to enhancement via adoption of new submodels.

As expected, both fuel consumption and journey times increased in congested traffic conditions. The comparison test showed: • Fuel consumption, and therefore carbon dioxide emissions, increased by an average of 30% for the two vehicles when travelling in congested conditions compared to daytime Size: 58KB.

One way to reduce excessive fuel consumption and vehicular emissions on urban streets is to optimize signal timings. Historically, signal timing opti-mization tools were used to reduce traffic delay and stops.

The concept of optimizing signal timings to reduce fuel consumption and emissions was addressed decades ago with tools that are now Cited by: Pandian et al. () reviewed the effect of traffic, vehicle and road characteristics on vehicular emissions and noted that most studies have found that vehicular exhaust emissions near traffic.

The effects of traffic congestion on traffic safety, however, are less obvious. Rietveld & Shefer () suggest that congestion might have a positive effect on safety by decreasing the number of fatalities as speeds decrease.

Although this statement seems logical, wh en File Size: KB. Urban air quality is generally poor at traffic intersections due to variations in vehicles’ speeds as they approach and leave. This paper examines the effect of traffic, vehicle and road characteristics on vehicular emissions with a view to understand a link between emissions and the most likely influencing and measurable by:   The type of road surface has a significant influence on CO2 emissions from road traffic.

The effect is already well known in cars, but not so in trucks. With this in mind, the Dutch Department of Public Works and Water Management asked us to investigate the effects of the road surface on fuel consumption in trucks, and therefore on their CO2.

A road is a thoroughfare, route, or way on land between two places that has been paved or otherwise improved to allow travel by foot or some form of conveyance, including a motor vehicle, cart, bicycle, or horse. Roads consist of one or two roadways (British English: carriageways), each with one or alignment and traffic congestion on vehicular fuel consumption book lanes and any associated sidewalks (British English: pavement) and.

The Effect of Pavement Surfaces on Rolling Resistance and Fuel Efficiency What Was the Need. Transportation agencies worldwide are increasingly focused on reducing the environmental impacts of auto-mobiles by decreasing congestion, maintaining more fuel-efficient fleets and implementing other measures to lower Size: 1MB.

Request PDF | Estimating the Effects of Traffic Congestion on Fuel Consumption and Vehicle Emissions Based on Acceleration Noise | While significant progress has. Comparison of Vehicular Emissions in Free-Flow and Congestion Using MOBILE4 and Highway Performance Monitoring System WAYNE D.

COTTRELL Vehicular emissions in free-flow and congested traffic conditions are quantified and compared. The 1-hr volume/capacity ratio ranges that define free-flow and congested are 0 to and toSize: 5MB. VEHICULAR RESISTANCE TO MOTION AS INFLUENCED BY ROAD ROUGHNESS AND HIGHWAY ALIGNMENT.

Findings are presented from a preliminary analysis of the manner in which the elevation profile of highway pavements affects vehicular resistance to motion as a result of the energy lost in: (a) the visco-elastic tyre, and (b) the hydraulic damper used to control.

() suggested that it is required to create an efficient method to resolve traffic congestion and reduce the delay time.

The dynamic vehicular delay at intersections is a major current concern, because the standard static network equilibrium formulation fails to capture essential features of traffic congestion.

Traffic Congestion Control using Vehicular Ad Hoc Network wasting large amount of fuel. Traffic jam can get resolved within several hour or in critical condition it may take few days to get resolved. Thus congestion affects economy as well as. the assessment is based on past surveys of journey speeds in towns, conurbations and greater london together with data relating fuel consumption to average speed.

the estimated potential saving in the use of road transport fuel if traffic congestion could be reduced from peak to off-peak conditions with the same number of vehicle journeys is 1. The article intends to find a method to quantify traffic congestion’s impacts on travelers to help transportation planners and policy decision makers well understand congestion situations.

Three new congestion indicators, including transportation environment satisfaction (TES), travel time satisfaction (TTS), and traffic congestion frequency and feeling (TCFF), are Cited by: 8. A fuel consumption model is developed based on highway geometric characteristics (e.g., grades, length, and location of crest and vertical curves), speed, and road surface type and condition.

The output of the fuel consumption model is the amount of fuel consumed by the vehicle while it travels along a highway at cruising by: EFFECT OF PAVEMENT-VEHICLE INTERACTION ON HIGHWAY FUEL CONSUMPTION AND EMISSION by Xin Jiao Florida International Unive rsity, Miami, Florida Professor Michael Bienvenu, Major Professor Vehicle fuel consumption andemission are two importanteffectiveness measurements of sustainable transportation development.

Pavement plays an essential. AUSTIN, TX, Decem —In an effort to quantify pavement surface characteristics’ effect on fuel consumption and energy conservation, the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) and the Minnesota Department of Transportation (MnDOT) have released a.

tocol can prevent congestion collapse in the face of bursty traffic arrivals and can enhance the road network capacity during such congestion.

We believe that our local de-congestion protocol can be deployed around potential congested areas resulting in prevent-ing congestion collapses and thus, maintaining a healthy input andFile Size: KB.

From the economic point of view traffic congestion is defined differently. In views of economists, traffic congestion is a classical example of the overuse of a common resource (Blow et al.,p. So, traffic congestion occurs from the overuse of roads.

RoadCited by: 2. material, tyre operating conditions (load and inflation pressure), surface type, surface texture and surface operating conditions (dry / wet conditions, temperature etc).

For the purposes of this paper the focus is on the surface integrity and surface texture of the road. The road surface integrity is defined as the smoothness (i.e. lack of undue.

Details effect of surface type, alignment and traffic congestion on vehicular fuel consumption PDF

The report Traffic Congestion and Reliability: Trends and Advanced Strategies for Congestion Mitigation provides a snapshot of congestion in the United States by summarizing recent trends in congestion, highlighting the role of travel time reliability in the effects of congestion, and describing efforts to reduce the growth of congestion.

EFFECT OF LEFT-TURN BAYS ON FUEL CONSUMPTION ON UNCONTROLLED APPROACHES TO STOP-SIGN-CONTROLLED INTERSECTIONS. Associated with the reductions in delay and stops that result from the provision of left-turn bays is a reduction in fuel consumption. Less delay and fewer stops mean less fuel consumed by vehicle idling and.

This paper examines the effects produced by connecting and changing the line of auxiliary lanes on lane utilization, bottleneck capacity and mitigation of traffic congestion on the expressway. It was found that the longitudinal utilization of the auxiliary lane increased in the range of 2–9% after continuous connection compared to that by: 1.

Road Traffic Congestion and Crash Severity: Econometric Analysis Using Ordered Response Models Journal of Transportation Engineering December Modeling Crash Types: New Insights into the Effects of Covariates on Crashes at Rural Intersections.

The informational guide uses a combination of speed profile plots, tabular summaries, illustrative examples, and narrative discussion to describe each of the objectives noted above. Traffic speed, design speed, inferred design speed, operating speed. Distribution Statement.

Security Classif. (of this report). The models developed predict that at constant speeds on level roads, road-surface characteristics can affect the fuel consumption of passenger cars by up to 7% and that of trucks and buses by up to 20%.

It is believed that these models can be applied with confidence in practice, considering the comprehensive nature of the experiment. 1 INFLUENCE OF ROAD AND TRAFFIC CONDITIONS ON FUEL CONSUMPTION AND FUEL COST FOR DIFFERENT BUS TECHNOLOGIES by Ivan S. IVKOVI Ć∗∗∗, Snežana M.

KAPLANOVI Ć, Branko M. MILOVANOVI Ć University of Belgrade, Faculty of Transport and Traffic Engineering, Belgrade, Serbia.

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the same trends as the traffic noise data (Figure 2). Table 2 indicates similar trends for the different pavement types (for vehicle noise) to those trends for traffic noise in Table 1, given the variability in both vehicle and traffic noise levels at each site.

In Table 2, there are three surface types not included in Table Size: 2MB. of variable returns to agglomeration in manufacturing, construction and service industries.

Description effect of surface type, alignment and traffic congestion on vehicular fuel consumption PDF

Two separate measures of urban density, in which proximity is represented by straight line distance or by generalised cost, are constructed and included in the translog to identify the effect of road traffic congestion. The results.vehicular traffic as a stream or a continuum fluid.

It seems of the roadway. Knowing these basic traffic flow variables we therefore quite natural to associate traffic with fluid flow and know the state of the traffic system and can derive measures of treat it similarly. Because of this analogy, traffic is often effectiveness, such as delays File Size: KB.Predicted Traffic Flow Generated/ Attracted by this Project According to the traffic consultant of this Project, traffic generated from this Project will make use of nearby existing roads as the vehicular access such as a section of Yau Pok Road and Kam Pok Road.

As Yau Pok Road is a one way road, vehicular access to the Project Site will be.